Self-defense, Martial Arts, and other dangerous words by Eric Taimanglo

Is Self-Defense a punch or a gunshot? What does "Self-Defense" really entail?

MMA: The Clinch - Fundamentals and Drills by Joe Silvia

Ausgepicht discusses the fundamentals of the Clinch as well as shares some drills to work the Clinch.

David Black Mastro - George Silver and The London Masters of Defence

TrueFightScholar discusses George Silver and Native 16th-17th century English Fighting Arts.

Southnarc (aka Craig Douglas) - Managing Unknown Contacts

SouthNarc discusses his plan when an Unknown Contact approaches you and how/what you should do.

Default Positions, Pre-Emptive Striking, and Mass Confusion By Lee Aldridge

Lee discusses what a Default Position is and why you need to ingrain one.

How To Make Your Own Rattan Sticks by Army Maguire

Army takes you step by step from start to finish in making your very own rattan sticks!

The Physical Body DVD Review by Stickgrappler

My review of a DVD on Kushti (Indian Wrestling) and its training methods.

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

12 of Bruce Lee's personal items and equipment up for auction!

HEADS-UP!! There is an 12 of Bruce Lee's personal items and equipment auction.


If I'm reading it right, the auction ends Tuesday April 29th, 5PM Pacific Time! The online auction will be conducted by Los Angeles auctioneer Nate D. Sanders. My apologies if I've read wrong and misunderstood - it's possible the auction starts April 29th.


Tallying up the starting bids, the minimum is $158,500 for all 12 items. Of course, as it's an auction, the sky's the limit!


Without further ado, let's check out the 12 items. Click on any picture to enlarge. My sincerest apologies in advance should the page load slowly due to the volume of pictures.



Bruce Lee Owned & Used Shin Guard Set




Bruce Lee personally owned and used pair of shin guards from training in his proprietary martial arts philosophy, Jeet Kune Do. Shin guards are secured across the calf with two adjustable cloth straps and fasten with velcro. Curved guards measure 11'' in length by 4'' across. Light soiling and denting to edges, else near fine. From among the training equipment Lee gifted to Herb Jackson upon his move to Hong Kong. Jackson is well-documented as a builder of Lee's custom martial arts training equipment, a task he undertook as Lee's first generation Jeet Kune Do student and friend. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $2,500.




Bruce Lee Personally Owned & Used Pull-Up Bar




Bruce Lee personally owned and used pull up bar from training in his proprietary martial arts philosophy, Jeet Kune Do. Pull-up bar is a 16'' horizontal bar suspended from a chain with a hook clasp. Light soiling and rusting to chain, else near fine. From among the training equipment Lee gifted to Herb Jackson upon his move to Hong Kong. Jackson is well-documented as a builder of Lee's custom martial arts training equipment, a task he undertook as Lee's first generation Jeet Kune Do student and friend. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $5,000.





Bruce Lee Owned & Used Palm Bean Bag






Bruce Lee personally owned and used palm bean bag from training in his proprietary martial arts philosophy, Jeet Kune Do. Heavy palm bean bag is constructed of dark red cloth cut in a roughly octagonal shape. Measures 9'' x 9'' x 1.5''. Weighs 15 pounds. Light soiling and fading to the fabric on one side, else near fine. From among the training equipment Lee gifted to Herb Jackson upon his move to Hong Kong. Jackson is well-documented as a builder of Lee's custom martial arts training equipment, a task he undertook as Lee's first generation Jeet Kune Do student and friend. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $5,000.



Bruce Lee Shin Protector -- Used by Lee in His Jeet Kune Do Training




Bruce Lee personally owned and used shin guard from the training in his proprietary martial arts philosophy, Jeet Kune Do. Shin guard by MacGregor brand is solidly constructed of padded white leather and fastens across the calf with two adjustable cloth straps. Outer portion features a shell of heavy plastic in three separate pieces to protect the shin and knee. Shin guard measures 21'' in length by 9'' across at its widest point. Light soiling, else near fine. From among the training equipment Lee gifted to Herb Jackson upon his move to Hong Kong. Jackson is well-documented as a builder of Lee's custom martial arts training equipment, a task he undertook as Lee's first generation Jeet Kune Do student and friend. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $6,000.




Bruce Lee's Shield For Jeet Kune Do Training





Bruce Lee's striking shield used in teaching his proprietary martial arts method, Jeet Kune Do. Convex-shaped padded shield by BilTuff Martial Arts Supplies features a bright orange cover made of durable fabric, with a total of three handles on the back, including a nylon handle with a grip made of black tubing for comfort. Measures 9.25'' across, 18'' tall and 2.75'' thick. Light soiling from use, else near fine. Quintessential Lee, from the collection of Herb Jackson, whose well-documented friendship with Lee began while he trained in Jeet Kune Do at Lee's Los Angeles martial arts academy in Chinatown. Lee, impressed with Jackson's background in street fighting, in time befriended his student and invited him to train at his home. Just before his fateful move to Hong Kong, Lee gifted many pieces of his martial arts equipment to Jackson. With a COA from Herb Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $6,000.



Bruce Lee Personally Owned Elastic Waist Belt Worn to Enhance Workout Efficacy




Bruce Lee's own waist belt, worn during workouts. Lee experimented with the fitness trend that postulated wearing a belt such as this during cardio exercise boosted fat loss. Thick black elastic belt is stitched in red along a single vertical seam. Measures 9.5'' tall and 13.5'' when laid flat. Light dust and must, else near fine. From the collection of Herb Jackson, whose well-documented friendship with Lee began while he trained in Jeet Kune Do at Lee's Los Angeles martial arts academy in Chinatown. Impressed with Jackson's background in street fighting, in time Lee befriended his student and invited him to train at his home. Just before his fateful move to Hong Kong, Lee gifted many pieces of his martial arts equipment to Jackson. With a COA from Herb Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $8,000.




Bruce Lee Owned & Used Kicking Shield





Bruce Lee's kicking shield used in teaching his proprietary martial arts method, Jeet Kune Do. Large, slightly convex padded shield by BilTuff Martial Arts Supplies features a bright blue cover made of durable fabric. Measures 17'' x 16'' x 5''. Fabric handle is torn, else near fine. Quintessential Lee, from the collection of Herb Jackson, whose well-documented friendship with Lee began while he trained in Jeet Kune Do at Lee's Los Angeles martial arts academy in Chinatown. Lee, impressed with Jackson's background in street fighting, in time befriended his student and invited him to train at his home. Just before his fateful move to Hong Kong, Lee gifted many pieces of his martial arts equipment to Jackson. With a COA from Herb Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $8,000.





Bruce Lee Personally Owned & Used Striking Bag Holder




Bruce Lee personally owned and used double end striking bag holder from training in his proprietary martial arts philosophy, Jeet Kune Do. Holder by Biltuff brand is constructed of dense tangerine color foam, with brand name on a sticker affixed to the side. Cylindrical holder has built-in 15'' bungee cords with hooks for suspension at either end. Measures 4'' x 9.75''. Soiling to one side, else near fine. From among the training equipment Lee gifted to Herb Jackson upon his move to Hong Kong. Jackson is well-documented as a builder of Lee's custom martial arts training equipment, a task he undertook as Lee's first generation Jeet Kune Do student and friend. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $8,000.




Bruce Lee Personally Owned & Worn Watch From The 1970's




Bruce Lee's own vintage 1970's wristwatch. Timex brand timepiece is secured to a heavy leather band with hardware decoration. Brown leather band features four metal rings and six metal studs. Numerical watch face measures 1.25'' across and 1.5'' from top to bottom. Band measures 2.5'' across and 6.75'' in length. Significant rusting to metal and wear to leather from moisture, else good. From the collection of Herb Jackson, Lee's friend, first generation Jeet Kune Do protege and builder of custom martial arts training equipment, to whom Lee gifted the watch. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $20,000.




Bruce Lee's Personally Owned & Worn Platform Shoes




Bruce Lee personally owned and worn shoes. Pair of burnt orange color leather lace-up shoes feature a 0.5'' platform under the front of the foot and a 2'' rubber heel. Shoes are an approximate men's size 7.5. Scuffing, light soiling and laces need replacement, else near fine. Lee's widow distributed his shoes between the two men closest to Lee who were most similar in shoe size - his brother and his close friend Herb Jackson, well-documented as a first generation Jeet Kune Do student and maker of Lee's custom martial arts training equipment. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $25,000.




Bruce Lee Personally Owned & Worn Mahogany Leather Loafers





Bruce Lee owned and worn pair of loafers in mahogany leather. Shoes feature fringe and a piece of decorative hardware across the top. Approximate men's size 7. Some buckling to leather across the toe and leather loss to left shoe, else good. Lee's widow distributed his shoes between the two men closest to Lee who were most similar in shoe size - his brother and his close friend Herb Jackson, well-documented as a first generation Jeet Kune Do student and maker of Lee's custom martial arts training equipment. With a COA from Jackson's son.

Starting bid = $25,000.




Bruce Lee Personally Owned & Worn Grey Cotton Jacket -- With a COA From His Former Wife, Linda Lee










Bruce Lee personally owned and worn grey cotton jacket, signed and inscribed by his wife and daughter, from the Superior Galleries of Beverly Hills 7 August 1993 auction of his personal estate. ''Stirling Cooper London'' brand jacket has a nice shearling lining to interior. With two zippered pockets to front. Measures 17'' shoulder to shoulder x 23'' in length. Inscribed in black marker twice to bottom hem of inside of jacket. First, by Shannon Lee, ''To Dennis & Loan -- Best to you both! / Shannon Lee''. And by wife Linda, ''Dennis + Loan, This was one of Bruce's most favorite jackets! / Linda Lee''. Some fading to collar and minor discoloration to left side of coat near the zipper, and near right shoulder, else very good to near fine condition. With a COA From The Bruce Lee Collection signed by Linda Lee. Procured from the Estate Auction of the Martial Arts Legend which took place on 7 August 1993. Reads in full: "This document certifies that the above item purchased through Superior Galleries of Beverly Hills was owned by Bruce Lee during his lifetime. I, Linda Lee, verify its authenticity and state that this item was actually used by Bruce Lee and is a genuine article from his personal collection. From 1964 to 1973 I was Bruce Lee's wife and have had the item solely in my possession for the last twenty years."

Starting bid = $40,000.





After checking out the 12 items, will you be bidding on any?

Should you want to place a bid on any item, please check out Lots #120 - #132:


Good luck to you!



Previously, I've posted about auctions of Bruce Lee's personal items:



SELF-DEFENSE: Twin 7 year-old boys vs Carjacker/Kidnapper in San Antonio, TX

Photo credit:  KSAT



"I was kicking him."
~ Lucius Lozada

"I was hitting him with a snake."
~ Luis Lozada Jr.



I am often asked which martial arts style is the best for self-defense. I also come across forum threads with the same question.

As you read this story, please keep in mind these critical questions:

  • What self-defense style did the Lozada Boys use?
  • What self-defense techniques did the Lozada Boys use?



WHO: 7 year-old twins (Lucius Lozada, Luis Lozada Jr.) and their 1 year-old infant brother
WHAT: Man carjacks the Lozada boys' mother's car with them still inside
WHERE: Area of Pecan Valley Drive and Colglazier in San Antonio , TX / USA
WHEN: Thursday 4/17/14 afternoon




Excerpted from www.ksat.com:

SAN ANTONIO - Three kids who were inside a vehicle that was stolen Thursday afternoon have been reunited with their family after fighting with the man who police said stole their mother's car.

The children were inside a gold Nissan Altima when it was stolen from in front of their house in the area of Pecan Valley Drive and Colglazier.

"She realized that she had forgotten the baby bottle, walked back in the house," said San Antonio Police Chief William McManus. "When she came back out the car was gone."

"I went back out and I saw him walking and I smiled at him because I know him from around here because he's always walking up and down the street and he looked at me and just ran and got in the car and left," said Lucia Lozada, the boys' mother.

Excerpted from www.nydailynews.com:

But cops said the tykes, Luis and Lucius, refused to go quietly and began hitting the man and screaming.

"They just knew that that guy wasn't supposed to be in the car and they were beating on him," McManus said.

"I was hitting him with a [toy] snake," little Luis told reporters.

Eventually, the carjacker let the boys and the baby off on a street in Las Palmas, about 10 miles away from their home.

They were reunited with their mother on Thursday evening.

They got the snake yesterday from the store, Lozada told KSAT-TV. "I didn't want to buy it for them, but I guess God knew that he was going to use it today."

Cops described the carjacker as a white man in his mid-30s.





Revisiting my questions I posed at the top of this post, "What self-defense style did the Lozada Boys use? What self-defense techniques did the Lozada Boys use?"

Self-defense is not a style ... it's not a technique ... it's a mindset ... it's a call-to-action. It is a conscious decision to not let the Bad Guy(s) control you. It is using what you have (a toy snake!). It is doing everything in your power to change the situation. The Lozada boys fought back immediatedly. Although this story on the surface appears to be just a carjacking, it could just as easily have been a kidnapper or pedophile.

There are also lessons to be learned from the mother's, Lucia Lozada's, actions (or lack thereof):

  1. Do not leave children in a vehicle unattended.
  2. Do not leave your keys in the ignition of your vehicle.
  3. Do not leave your vehicle running.
  4. Do not assume someone you've seen in your neighborhood is really your neighbor.


Elated the Lozada Boys are unharmed and reunited with their mother! Hope the San Antonio Police catch the carjacker!!




If you liked this self-defense story, please check out these others:



Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Movie about the last living disciple (Keiko Fukuda) of Judo creator Jigoro Kano

Photo credit:  http://www.mrsjudomovie.com

 Back on April 12th, I posted on what would've been Keiko Fukuda's birthday:


There is a movie that was made about her extraordinary and fascinating life. My friend, Tommy H. informed me that this movie is coming to PBS. Be on the lookout for it!


Enjoy the trailer.



Be Strong, Be Gentle, Be Beautiful - trailer





Be Strong, Be Gentle, Be Beautiful - work in progress





For more information, please check out:



Monday, April 21, 2014

THE WISDOM OF ... Kyuzo Mifune (Apr. 21, 1883 - Jan. 27, 1965)




Today would've been the 131st Birthday of Judo great, Kyuzo Mifune!!

Earlier this year, Jan 27 to be precise, I posted a video in memory of Kyuzo Mifune. In the video, a 73 yr-old Mifune demonstrates Judo against a series of young Japanese and foreign trainees. If you missed it, please check out:


I'm posting some of Mifune sensei's teachings, motto and quote as well as an anecdote in recognition of Mifune sensei's birthday.



Mifune's Motto

"If my opponents train one hour, I will train two. If they train two hours, I will train three."



Along with constant training, Mifune emphasized the virtue of gratitude. He once said,
I'm grateful to my parents for giving me a small body. In order to overcome bigger opponents, I had to train twice as hard."



七転び八起き
Nana korobi ya oki
“Seven times down eight times up, never give up.”



The Five Principal Points of Judo

  1. The soft controls the hard.
  2. Strike to kill (resolve any problem with a single decisive action).
  3. Do not hold anything back (never be tentative).
  4. Enter a state of no-self, no-mind.
  5. Do not place hope in finding a secret technique. Polish the mind through ceaseless training; that is the key to effective techniques.



Seven Rules of Judo practice

  1. Do not make light of an opponent.
  2. Do not lose self-confidence.
  3. Maintain a good posture.
  4. Develop speed.
  5. Project power in all directions.
  6. Never stop training.
  7. Develop self-control.




A Song of Judo
by Kyuzo Mifune

(this was put to music and meant to be sung out loud)

When you train, free yourself from disrtracting thoughts;
Keep your heart buoyant, your body buoyant too.
Do not forget the priinciple of "return to the center";
Strive and strive, with single-minded devotion.
This is our Judo!
This is our Judo!

Accumulate skill through ceaseless forging of body and mind;
Attain the miraculous power of seven times down, eight times up.
Awaken to the path of liberation.
Become like a rotating ball, effortlessly responding to any contingency.
This is our Judo!
This is our Judo!

The path of softness transcends national borders;
A pliant heart has no enemies,
People of the world join hands,
And establish an ideal global village.
This is our Judo!
This is our Judo!




I close this entry in "The Wisdom of ..." series with my most favorite story of Mifune sensei, nay, my most favorite story of all Martial Arts! Trust you will appreciate it!!

Once when Kyuzo Mifune visited a karate dojo, he was shown a demonstration of tile-breaking by one of the karate men. After the karate man had smashed a number of tiles piled on top of each other, he asked Mifune, "Can a Judo man do this?"

"Yes, it is very easy," Mifune replied.

"Is that so? Can we see what kind of technique a Judo man uses?" the karate man challenged.

"Of course. Please set up the tiles. I'll be back in a minute," Mifune instructed.

Mifune returned with a hammer he had brought along in his bag.

"You are not going to use that to break the tiles, are you?" the karate man protested.

"Yes. I told you it was easy. Efficient use of energy is a key principle of Judo."




For further info:

  • Wiki
  • Canon of Judo: Principle and Technique by Kyuzo Mifune, Seibundo-Shinkosha Publishing Co., 1958
  • Budo Secrets: The Teachings of the Martial Arts Masters by John Stevens, Shambhala Publications, Inc., Copyright 2001, ISBN 1-57062-556-1
  • The Way of Judo: A Portrait of Jigoro Kano & His Students by John Stevens, Shambhala Publications, Inc., Copyright 2013, ISBN 978-1-59030-916-2





For other entries in my "The Wisdom of ..." series, please check out:



Sunday, April 20, 2014

IN MEMORY OF: Rubin "Hurricane" Carter (May 6, 1937 - Apr 20,2014) (Boxer; 27-12-1, 19 KO's)


Source pic:  NYTimes



"Hatred and bitterness and anger only consume the vessel that contains them. It doesn't hurt another soul."
~ Rubin "Hurricane" Carter


Rest In Peace Rubin Carter




Rubin (Hurricane) Carter, Boxer Found Wrongly Convicted, Dies at 76

By SELWYN RAAB / APRIL 20, 2014


Rubin (Hurricane) Carter, a star prizefighter whose career was cut short by a murder conviction in New Jersey and who became an international cause célèbre while imprisoned for 19 years before the charges against him were dismissed, died on Sunday morning at his home in Toronto. He was 76.

The cause of death was prostate cancer, his friend and onetime co-defendant, John Artis, said. Mr. Carter was being treated in Toronto, where he had founded a nonprofit organization, Innocence International, to work to free prisoners it considered wrongly convicted.

Mr. Carter was convicted twice on the same charges of fatally shooting two men and a woman in a Paterson, N.J., tavern in 1966. But both jury verdicts were overturned on different grounds of prosecutorial misconduct.

The legal battles consumed scores of hearings involving recanted testimony, suppressed evidence, allegations of prosecutorial racial bias — Mr. Carter was black and the shooting victims were white — and a failed prosecution appeal to the United States Supreme Court to reinstate the convictions.

Mr. Carter first became famous as a ferocious, charismatic, crowd-pleasing boxer who was known for his shaved head, goatee, glowering visage and devastating left hook. He narrowly lost a fight for the middleweight championship in 1964.

He attracted worldwide attention during the roller-coaster campaign to clear his name of murder charges. Amnesty International described him as a “prisoner of conscience” whose human rights had been violated. He portrayed himself as a victim of injustice who had been framed because he spoke out for civil rights and against police brutality.

A defense committee studded with entertainment, sports, civil rights and political personalities was organized. His cause entered the realm of pop music when Bob Dylan wrote and recorded the song “Hurricane,” which championed his innocence and vilified the police and prosecution witnesses. It became a Top 40 hit in 1976.

Mr. Carter’s life was also the subject of a 1999 movie, “The Hurricane,” in which he was played by Denzel Washington, who was nominated for an Academy Award for the performance. The movie, directed by Norman Jewison, was widely criticized as simplistic and rife with historical inaccuracies.

A more complex picture was provided in accounts by Mr. Carter’s relatives and supporters, and by Mr. Carter himself in his autobiography, “The 16th Round,” published in 1974 while he was in prison. He attracted supporters even when his legal plight seemed hopeless, but he also alienated many of them, including his first wife.

With a formal education that ended in the eighth grade in a reform school, Mr. Carter survived imprisonment and frequent solitary confinement by becoming a voracious reader of law books and volumes of philosophy, history, metaphysics and religion. During his bleakest moments, he expressed confidence that he would one day be proved innocent.

“They can incarcerate my body but never my mind,” he told The New York Times in 1977, shortly after his second conviction.

Troubled From the Start

Rubin Carter was born on May 6, 1937, in Clifton, N.J., and grew up nearby in Passaic and Paterson. His father, Lloyd, and his mother, Bertha, had moved there from Georgia. To support his wife and seven children, Lloyd Carter worked in a rubber factory and operated an ice-delivery service in the mornings.

A deacon in the Baptist church, his father was also a disciplinarian. He put Rubin to work cutting and delivering ice at age 8, and when he learned that Rubin, at 9, and some other boys had stolen clothing from a Paterson store, he turned his son in to the police. Rubin was placed on two years’ probation.

A poor student and troubled from the start, Rubin was placed in a school for unruly pupils when he was in the fourth grade. At 11, after stabbing a man, he was sent to the Jamesburg State Home for Boys (now called the New Jersey Training School for Boys). He said he had acted in self-defense after the man had made sexual advances and tried to throw him off a cliff. At Jamesburg, guards frequently beat and abused him, he wrote in his autobiography.

After six years in detention he escaped and made his way to an aunt’s home in Philadelphia, where he enlisted in the Army. Recruitment officers apparently accepted his word that he had grown up in Philadelphia and made no inquiries in New Jersey, where he was wanted as a fugitive.

Thriving in the Army, Mr. Carter became a paratrooper in the 101st Airborne Division in Germany and put on boxing gloves for the first time. He found he enjoyed associating with boxers. “They were strong, honest people, hardworking and equally hard-fighting,” he recalled. “There were no complications there whatsoever, no tensions, no fears.”

He won 51 bouts, 35 by knockouts, while losing only five. He became the Army’s European light-welterweight champion.

Mr. Carter also took speech therapy courses and overcame his stutter. He became interested in Islamic studies. Although he never formally converted, he sometimes used the Muslim name Saladin Abdullah Muhammad. Honorably discharged, he returned to Paterson in 1956 and took a job as a tractor-trailer driver. But the authorities tracked him down and arrested him for his escape from the reform school before he had joined the Army. He was sentenced to 10 months at the Annandale Reformatory for youthful offenders.

Shortly after his release, in 1957, he was charged with snatching a woman’s purse and assaulting a man on a Paterson street. He said he had been drinking. He served four years in Trenton State Prison, where “quiet rage became my constant companion,” he wrote. He also rekindled his interest in boxing and attracted the attention of fight managers. On Sept. 22, 1961, a day after his release from prison, he fought his first professional fight, winning a four-round decision for a $20 purse. “I was in my element now,” he wrote. “Fighting was the pulse beat of my heart and I loved it.”

Mr. Carter was an instant success and became a main-event headliner. With a powerful left hook, he was more of a puncher than a stylist, winning 13 of his first 21 fights by knockouts.

Showman in the Ring

Promoters capitalized on his criminal record as a box-office lure, suggesting that prison had transformed him into a terrifying fighter. One promoter nicknamed him Hurricane, describing him in advertisements as a raging, destructive force.

Mr. Carter was a showman in the ring. Solidly built at 5-foot-8 and about 155 pounds, he would enter in a hooded black velvet robe trimmed with metallic gold thread, the image of a crouching black panther on the back.

He also made sure he was noticed on the streets of Paterson, where he had returned to live. He dressed in custom-tailored suits and drove a black Cadillac Eldorado with “Rubin Hurricane Carter” engraved in silver letters on each side of the headlights. In 1963 he married Mae Thelma Basket.

Mr. Carter’s biggest victory came in Pittsburgh in December 1963, when he knocked out Emile Griffith, the welterweight champion, who was trying to move into the middleweight division for a crack at its world title. A year later, at the peak of his career, Mr. Carter battled the reigning middleweight champion, Joey Giardello, for the title in Philadelphia, Mr. Giardello’s hometown. He lost a close decision.

Mr. Carter received unfavorable attention when an article in The Saturday Evening Post in 1964 suggested that he was a black militant who believed that blacks should shoot at the police if they felt they were being victimized. He denied he had expressed that view. It was around this time that the police began harassing him, he said. One night, when his Cadillac broke down in Hackensack, he was jailed for several hours without being charged with a crime.

Before bouts, the police compelled him to be fingerprinted and photographed for their files on the ground that he was a convicted felon. He discovered that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had opened a file on him and was tracking his movements.

On the night of June 16 and the early morning of June 17, 1966, while his wife and their 2-year-old daughter, Theodora, were at home, Mr. Carter visited several bars in Paterson, winding up at one called the Night Spot.

A half-mile away, about 2:30 a.m., two black men entered the Lafayette Grill and killed two white men and a white woman in a barrage of shotgun and pistol blasts. The police immediately suspected that the shootings were in retaliation for the shotgun murder that night in Paterson of a black tavern owner by the former owner, who was white.

Mr. Carter had encountered John Artis, a casual acquaintance, that night and was giving him a lift home when they were stopped by the police. They said Mr. Carter’s leased white Dodge sedan resembled the murderers’ getaway car. Except for being black, neither Mr. Carter nor Mr. Artis matched the original descriptions of the killers. They were released after both passed lie detector tests and a patron who had been wounded in the Lafayette Grill failed to identify them. But they remained under suspicion.

On Aug. 6, 1966, in Rosario, Argentina, Mr. Carter lost a 10-round decision to Rocky Rivero. It was his last fight. His record would remain 27 wins (20 by knockout), 12 losses and one draw. Two months later, he and Mr. Artis were charged with the three murders.

Burglars Testify

At their trial in 1967, three alibi witnesses placed them elsewhere at the time of the killings. They were nonetheless convicted, primarily on the evidence of Alfred P. Bello and Arthur D. Bradley, two white prosecution witnesses with long criminal records. Mr. Bello testified that he saw both defendants leave the tavern with guns in their hands; Mr. Bradley identified only Mr. Carter.

Both witnesses admitted that they were in the vicinity of the Lafayette Grill at the time of the murders because they were trying to burglarize a factory nearby.

The prosecution offered no motive for the slayings.

Facing the possibility of death sentences, Mr. Carter received 30 years to life and Mr. Artis 15 years to life. Their appeals were denied unanimously by the New Jersey Supreme Court.

Back in prison, a defiant Mr. Carter refused to wear a uniform or work at institutional jobs. He ate in his cell, sustained by canned food and soup that he heated with an electric coil. He scoured the trial record and law books and typed out unsuccessful briefs for a new trial.

Mr. Carter also lost his vision in his right eye after an operation on a detached retina, a condition he attributed to inadequate treatment in a prison hospital. His celebrity boxing background and his outspoken contempt for prison rules made him a hero to many inmates. The prison authorities credited him with trying to calm down rioters at Rahway State Prison in 1971, and one prison guard reportedly said Mr. Carter had saved his life.

Witnesses Recant

By 1974, Mr. Carter’s prospects for a new trial seemed hopeless. But that summer the New Jersey Public Defender’s Office and The New York Times independently obtained recantations from Mr. Bello and Mr. Bradley. Both men asserted that detectives had pressured them into falsely identifying Mr. Carter and Mr. Artis.

Moreover, it was revealed that the prosecution had secretly promised leniency to the two witnesses regarding their own crimes in exchange for their cooperation in the Carter case.

Based on the recantations and the new information, the New Jersey Supreme Court overturned the guilty verdicts in 1976. Overnight, Mr. Carter was hailed as a civil rights champion, with a national defense committee working on his behalf and fund-raising concerts headlined by Mr. Dylan at Madison Square Garden and the Houston Astrodome; the Garden concert also included Joni Mitchell, Joan Baez and Roberta Flack. Muhammad Ali attended a pretrial hearing in Paterson in 1976 to show his support for Mr. Carter.

At a second trial, in December 1976, a new team of Passaic County prosecutors resuscitated an old theory, charging that the defendants had committed the Lafayette Grill murders to exact revenge for the earlier killing of the black tavern owner. Mr. Bello resurfaced as a prosecution witness and recanted his recantation. He was the only witness who placed Mr. Carter and Mr. Artis at the murder scene.

After being free for nine months on bail, Mr. Carter and Mr. Artis were sent back to prison and deserted by most of the show business and civil rights figures who had flocked to their cause. Mr. Carter’s second child, a son, Raheem Rubin, was born six days after the two men were found guilty.

Racial Revenge Theory

Over the next nine years, numerous appeals in New Jersey courts failed. But when the issues were heard for the first time in a federal court, in 1985, Judge H. Lee Sarokin of United States District Court in Newark overturned the convictions on constitutional grounds. He ruled that prosecutors had “fatally infected the trial” by resorting, without evidence, to the racial revenge theory, and that they had withheld evidence disproving Mr. Bello’s identifications. Mr. Carter was freed; Mr. Artis had been released on parole in 1981.

When the prosecution’s attempts to reinstate the convictions were rejected by a federal appeals court and by the Supreme Court, the charges against Mr. Carter and Mr. Artis were formally dismissed in 1988, 22 years after the original indictments.

During his second imprisonment in the case his wife had sued for divorce, after learning that he had had an affair with a supporter while he was free on bail awaiting trial.

Information about his survivors could not immediately be learned.

On his final release from prison, Mr. Carter — with a full crop of curly hair, clean-shaven and wearing thick eyeglasses — moved to Toronto, where he lived with a secretive Canadian commune and married the head of it, Lisa Peters. He ended relations with her and the commune in the mid-1990s.

He founded Innocence International in 2004 and lectured about inequities in America’s criminal justice system. His former co-defendant, Mr. Artis, joined the organization. In 2011 he published an autobiography, “Eye of the Hurricane: My Path From Darkness to Freedom,” written with Ken Klonsky and with a foreword by Nelson Mandela. In his last weeks he campaigned for the exoneration of David McCallum, a Brooklyn man who has been in prison since 1985 on murder charges. In an opinion article published by The Daily News on Feb. 21, 2014, headlined “Hurricane Carter’s Dying Wish,” he asked that Mr. McCallum “be granted a full hearing” by Brooklyn’s new district attorney, Kenneth P. Thompson.

“Just as my own verdict ‘was predicated on racism rather than reason and on concealment rather than disclosure,’ as Sarokin wrote, so too was McCallum’s,” Mr. Carter wrote.

He added: “If I find a heaven after this life, I’ll be quite surprised. In my own years on this planet, though, I lived in hell for the first 49 years, and have been in heaven for the past 28 years.

“To live in a world where truth matters and justice, however late, really happens, that world would be heaven enough for us all.”

Copied from NYTimes



For further info:




NOTES: Posted Apr 22, 2014 and backdated to Apr 20, 2014. I don't know how I missed this. My sincerest gratitude to my friend Eddie C. for the heads-up.

Steven Seagal - Out of Reach (2004) (Full movie)


Click for larger pic

Continuing with posting of Steven Seagal movies, please check this one out.


Enjoy!




Seagal plays William Lancing, a former covert agent turned survivalist, tracking a human trafficking ring and trying to rescue his pen pal, a thirteen-year-old orphan from Poland whom he has taught to use secret codes.




For more information:





Other Seagal entries:



ShareThis

 
back to top
Stickgrappler's Sojourn of Septillion Steps